Vehicle Fleet Management

First Five Management & Associates, Inc.



Driver condition refers to your physical, mental and emotional fitness to drive. A driver in top physical, mental and emotional shape can adjust to all the other conditions and to the errors of other drivers as well.

Important points to remember about driver conditions
  • Be as objective as possible about your fitness to drive, whether the trip is long or short. When you don’t feel up to it, be willing to postpone the trip or have someone else drive.
  • The most dangerous physical condition is being under the influence of alcohol. The best rule is not to drive after drinking, but if you must drive, do so only if you understand how alcohol affects your capabilities, know your limit.
  • Age is a special driver condition for those under 25 and over 65. The younger driver has good physical condition but lacks experience and mature judgement. The older driver has experience and, hopefully, good judgement, but his physical and sensory faculties may have deteriorated. Each group can compensate these weaknesses by knowing and adjusting to them.
  • The taking of prescription drugs, as well as illegal drugs, can affect driving. Ask your physicians about the effect prescription drugs may have on your driving ability. Needless to say, illegal drugs and driving are a dangerous combination.
  • Emotions such as anger and worry can blot out the alertness needed to drive safely. If you are upset and unable to concentrate, don’t drive. And never allow aggressive driving to become an outlet for anger and frustration.
  • Fatigue and sleepiness are other dangerous driving conditions. When you find yourself dozing at the wheel, don’t fight it. Pull off the road for coffee, exercise and fresh air. If necessary, take a nap and let someone else drive.
  • Avoid taking your eyes off the road by eliminating any possible distractions ahead of time. Before setting out on a drive, be sure that important items are within easy reach, i.e. directions and maps, sunglasses, etc.

Aggressive drivers
Aggressive drivers create an unsafe driving environment through their inconsiderate, self-centered driving habits. Drivers often commit multiple violations. Because of these driving behaviors, hundreds of deaths, thousands of injuries and property damage occur each year, and these behaviors contribute to the growing problems of hazardous traffic conditions and those criminal acts related to aggressive driving.

Different Kinds of Drivers

  • the road racer
  • the tailgater
  • the frequent lane changer
  • the red light runner


Your chances of staying out of an accident are better with a vehicle in tip-top condition than they are with one that has operational defects. You are the only one who knows when something is not working out right.

Here are several points to remember about vehicle condition.
The acronym BLOWFATCH will guide you accordingly:

It supplies current to operate the motor and ignition system when the engine is started.

Brake system is necessary to slow down or stop the movement of the car. This is the most significant mechanical device that controls your car. Check them everyday (footbrake and handbrake) for its failure due to neglect may result to dangerous consequences.

Lighting system provides directional signs and signals when driving during the day and during the night. The signals are guide for other motorist to avoid accident and promote courtesy.

O - OIL:
The bloodlife of your lubricating system. It provides protection to your engine. This prevents excessive wearing out of moving parts in contact with one another through the application of lubricating oil between those moving parts.

This provides a means of absorbing too much heat from the engine during the operation to maintain its working temperature. To prevent overheating, check the water level of the radiator everyday before you start your car. It should be at the maximum level.

This is a mechanical device that wipes out water on the windshield whenever it rains. Rain reduces visibility. Be sure to check your wipers by testing them before you leave.

It is a liquid that produces pressure and power causing the movement of engine parts. Check the level. You can’t afford to have your fuel at the minimum level otherwise you will use up and run out of gas while on traffic.

There are two (2) kinds of fluid, Brake fluid and automatic transmission fluid.

Any attachment on a motor vehicle usually for aesthetic purposes and not an essential part of the vehicle for its operation.

Examples of accessories:

  • Audio and electronics • Car body accessories
  • Cabin and Interior accessories • Engine accessories

Check for wear and tear. Refer your car’s manual on the replacement and rotation of your tires. Moreover, check the air pressure of your tire. Ensure that the front and rear tires have the same pressure. See tire safety for further details.

The cleanliness of the vehicle reflects the personality of the owner. Defects and damages are also discovered.

Check regularly since this will be useful to forewarn other road user (driver and pedestrians)


Refers to the total roadway and the type and condition of road surface. These can affect your ability to steer, stop and maneuver. Any trip may involve a number of different road conditions, each requiring adjustment in your driving.

    Here are some ways to cope with adverse road conditions:
  • Adjust your speed to road surface conditions. Posted speed limits are for ideal conditions only.
  • On slippery surfaces, slow down sooner so you can use your brake sparingly, start braking sooner, and use less power in starting and accelerating.
  • Wet leaves are very slippery, so use care.
  • On slippery roads, drive more slowly. Stop and turn with care. Keep several extra car lengths from other vehicles. Remember, any quick turn or change in speed can cause a skid. For control on slippery roads, steer as straight as possible. Your brakes should be adjusted so that they pull evenly.
  • During the first few minutes of rainfall, road surfaces are the most slippery. If you drive through water puddles, test your brakes by pumping them. This will also help dry them out. If the water is deeper than your tire tread, slow down. Slow down if your tires make a sloshing sound and increase the distance between vehicles in front.

Most tires make contact with wet road surfaces like a windshield wiper. As the speed increases, the tires start to ride up on a film of water like water skis. This is called hydroplaning. A gust of wind, a change of road level, or a slight turn can create a skid.

Bad weather condition may affect the ability to see clearly and quite hard to control the vehicle.

Too much light or glare from the sun can affect your sight, it will be hard for you to recognize what's ahead of you.

Considered a factor that tends to exacerbate aggressive driving behaviors. As the number of licensed drivers and registered vehicles has increased, this congestion often causes drivers to become frustrated, which, unfortunately, leads to more aggressive, high-risk driving style.

To avoid rear-end collision with the vehicle ahead, you must have enough time and distance to stay out of trouble with the car ahead and sometimes with the car behind.

Minimum safe following distance (car lengths)

Road Condition 32kph 48kph 64kph 80kph
Ideal 2 3 4 5
Wet Pavement 4 6 8 10
Gravel 4 6 8 10
Packed Snow 6 9 12
Ice 12 18

If another vehicle comes too close to you and you feel you are uncomfortable, tap your stoplights to give him warning, or simply let him overtake you. It is better that way than to keep him tailgating you.